Shane Falco

Archive for February, 2009|Monthly archive page

Source Notes #21 (Journalistic, Image)

In Uncategorized on February 24, 2009 at 9:24 pm

Title: Ben Sargent comic- 12/01/05

Summary: Ben Sargent is an American editorial cartoonist for the Austin American-Statesman.  His cartoons are distributed nationally to other newspapers across the country by Universal Press Syndicate.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Journalistic

What is it? Cartoon image published in the Austin American-Statesman.
Publication Information: 12/1/05
Author: Ben Sargent
Location: http://www.statesman.com/opinion/content/editorial/sargent/cartoons/1205/120105.html

Accessed: 2/23/09

Audience and Agenda:
The Austin-American Statesman is the major daily newspaper in Austin, Texas.  The newspaper primarily focuses on issues in Austin and the Central Texas region.  Since Austin is the capital of Texas, they have extensive political coverage as well.  It’s the 60th most widely circulated daily newspaper in the U.S.

Usefulness:
This comic is useful because it supports the idea that the United States was founded on immigration.  It’s a nation of immigrants.  The real legal citizens of the U.S. were the Native Americans.  It poses the question,”Who are we to  impose laws restricting immigrants from entering the U.S., as many of our ancestors were immigrants in the past?”  The Native Americans are the people who have really received the short straw in the whole deal.

Works cited: Google images, Austin-American Statesman, Wikipedia.

Advertisements

Source Notes #20 (Institutional)

In Uncategorized on February 24, 2009 at 6:52 pm

Title: Getting Immigration Facts Straight

Summary: This Intelligence Report by Heidi Bierich shows errors in the media.  Often times information gets skewed which is unfortunate because a lot of media shapes public opinion.  This report focuses on Lou Dobb’s and CNN and also the O’Reilly Factor on Fox News, and some recent errors in their reports involving immigration and the effects of immigration on American society.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Institutional

What is it? Intelligence report that breaks down some misconceptions that the media reports as fact involving immigration.
Publication Information: Summer 2007

Author: Heidi Beirich

Location: http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?sid=415

Accessed: 2/23/09

Support: CNN, Lou Dobbs, Fox News, Bill O’Reilly, National Opinion Research Center, The Public Policy Institute of California, Terry Anderson, Robert Rector-senior research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation, Pew Hispanic Center. The San Francisco Chronicle.

A lot of the immigration news reported by Lou Dobbs on CNN, and Bill O’Reilly on Fox News is not entirely true.  The conservative Heritage Foundation often times provides these news networks with skewed information.  The National Opinion Research Center polled public opinion regarding immigration and found that 60 % of U.S. citizens believe that immigrants cost native-born Americans jobs. These opinions may be an effect from misleading information reported in the news.  Many of the sources listed above provide evidence that the facts are not always reported by CNN and Fox News.

Audience and Agenda: The Southern Poverty Law Center was founded in 1971 in Montgomery, Alabama. According to quantcast.com, splcenter.org website receives roughly 58,600 views a month.  They are a non-profit organization who receive their financial support through donor contributions.  They stand for justice and equality and work to make the Constitution a reality.

Usefulness
This is a useful report because the is shows the errors in the media.  The media are extremely powerful in shaping public opinion.  It would seem likely that if CNN and Fox News reported that immigration costs American taxpayers money through social services, most people would believe that to be the truth.  This is a common misconception in the news.  Illegal immigrants actually improve the American economy by paying taxes for social services that they cannot receive themselves because of their illegal status.  If the Department of Homeland Security cracked down on the employers, then the economy may suffer if there is no route for legal status in place for the immigrants.

Works cited: Google, Southern Poverty Law Center, Quantcast,

Audio slideshow reflection…

In Uncategorized on February 24, 2009 at 3:42 am

This assignment went much better than previous assignments.  I had an interesting person who had an interesting story.  I think that made all the difference.  The person I interviewed was not nervous about the audio recorder.  He has a lot experience with the media, and MLB requires media training for all new players in the league.  The players learn how to appropriately answer questions, so that they don’t embarrass themselves by saying the wrong thing.  Most of his answers were clear and concise, which made my job editing the audio track easy.  I focused my slide show around his daily routine involving his commitment to his off-season baseball schedule.  I had him talk about his professional experience and what the future holds for him. I used Final Cut Pro editing the slide show.  I used this program because I’m comfortable using the software and I like the layout.  I had some issues with florescent lights in my photos.  A lot of the indoor photos didn’t look very professional because of the fluorescent lights, so I turned all my pictures into black and white.  This made a big difference as it corrected some of the ugliness.  Other than that, I am happy with the way everything turned out.

Source Notes #19 (Institutional, Multimedia)

In Uncategorized on February 23, 2009 at 9:07 pm

Title: Comprehensive Immigration Reform: Restoring an American Tradition

Summary: A video put out by the American Immigration Lawyers Association that explains why America’s immigration system is broken and needs reform.  The video also points out misconceptions about immigration in the U.S.

Topic:  Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Institutional

What is it? Video conducted by the AILA.
Publication Information: Sept. 20, 2007
Location: http://www.aila.org/content/default.aspx?docid=23349
Accessed: 3/1/09

Support: Ellis Island, Frank Sharry, Benjamin Johnson

Ellis Island represents the history of the United States=immigration.  Frank Sharry of the National Immigration Forum believes that America is a nation of laws, but also a nation of immigrants.  He want to see balance between the two.  Benjamin Johnson, the director of the Immigration Policy Center, says that the United States is spending a ton of money on border enforcement, but the system is still failing.

Audience and Agenda:
The AILA is a lawyers association consisting of over 11,000 attorneys and law professors who teach immigration law.  They seek to promote justice and advocate for fair and reasonable immigration law and policy.  According to quantcast.com, 13,300 people visit aila.org a month.

Usefulness:
This is a useful video because it provides evidence that the immigration system is broken.  You can’t have proper enforcement without better policies in place.  America is a nation of immigrants.  It’s also a nation of laws.  There needs to be a common ground between the two.  Too much money has been spent of border control and an “all-out enforcement” plan.  This is hurting families, and costing the U.S. too much money for not enough benefit in return.

Works cited:
AILA, Google, Quantcast

Source Notes #18 (Institutional)

In Uncategorized on February 23, 2009 at 7:26 pm

Title:  The Cost of Immigration Enforcement

Summary: This is a speech from Phoenix Mayor Phil Gordon to the Police Foundation Conference in Washington D.C on August 21, 2008.  The mayor addresses the immigration struggles his city faces in the wake of a new president in office.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Institutional

What is it? A speech from Phoenix Mayor Phil Gordon to the Police Foundation Conference in Washington D.C.

Publication Information: Aug. 21, 2008
Author: Phil Gordon
Location: http://www.americasvoiceonline.org/pages/local_enforcement_of_immigration_laws_doesnt_work
Accessed: 2/23/09

Support: Phil Gordon, Phoenix Police Department, ICE, Department of Homeland Security,

Phil Gordon addresses the issues and financial costs of targeting illegal immigrants who have not committed any crimes since crossing into the U.S.  The Phoenix Police Department has spend a lot of money dealing with smuggling operations in Arizona.  He describes how there are around 10 full-time ICE agents embedded in the police department.  It cost the city of Phoenix about $2 million a year in booking costs to house illegal immigrants who were arrested for committing crimes.

Audience and Agenda:
America’s Voice describe themselves as a communications campaign working to win common-sense immigration reform.  They seek to build public support for comprehensive immigration reform that includes a path to citizenship for 12 million illegal citizen while also restoring the rule of law.  They list their goals to reform on their website.  They seek professional border enforcement.  They want the government to crack down on employers of illegal immigrants.  They believe a controlled increase of available working visas is necessary.  They also believe in an earned citizen program that would require illegal citizens to pay fines, learn english, and work to become legal citizens.

Usefulness:
This is a useful speech posted on America’s Voice website.  The mayor of Phoenix is in a location where immigration is substantial.  The police department in Phoenix is financially strained because of immigration issues.  The mayor wants financial support in handling immigration cases.  He also describes the racial injustice involved with having “brown skin” in an area where there is a lot of immigration traffic.  The Department of Homeland Security needs to find the resources to assist high immigration traffic areas.  Simply enforcing immigration law cannot be done without comprehensive reform.

Works cited:
CBS News, wikipedia, google

Source Notes #17 (Journalistic)

In Uncategorized on February 23, 2009 at 12:36 am

Title: No Employers Charged In Immigration Bust

Summary: CBS news reported that over 400 illegal immigrants were arrested in a workplace raid in Des Moines, Iowa.   CBS News is a division of the American television and radio network CBS, which produces the widely popular TV news show “60 Minutes.”

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Journalistic

What is it? News article published by CBS News
Publication Information: CBS News, June 2, 2008
Author: Associated Press
Location: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/06/02/national/main4143701.shtml?source=related_story
Accessed: 2/20/09

Support: Agriprocessors Inc., U.S. Rep. Bruce Braley, an Iowa Democrat whose district borders Postville. Frank Sharry, executive director of the immigration reform group America’s Voice. ICE, SSA, James Carstensen. James Spero, a deputy assistant director for ICE.

Agriprocessors Inc. was caught employing over 400 illegal immigrants. Bruce Braley affirms that until employers are the focus of the immigration problem, then workplace immigration will continue to pose a threat to the U.S.  Frank Sharry says that a good strategy on cracking down on illegal employment would be target and make examples of the employers, so that other employers would see the bad publicity from such events.   These sources agreed that targeting the immigrants is only going to help the problem.  The employers need to be put into the spotlight.  If laws and fines are in place for hiring an illegal workforce, it’s interesting that no employers faced any fines or jail time in this particular case.

Audience and Agenda: According to quantcast.com, 8.6 million people worldwide visit cbsnews.com a month.  CBS is one of the major broadcasting channels along with ABC, NBC, and FOX.  CBS’s total prime time network was watch by nearly 100 million people a week according to cbs.com.

Usefulness:
This is a useful news article because it provides evidence that employers are not being charged for hiring illegal immigrants, even though there are laws in place for doing so.  Realistically, employers have to be the target for reducing immigration levels.  If no jobs are offered by employers, then many immigrants will not look for opportunity in the U.S.  Once the immigrants are in the workplace, then it’s hard to remove them from our system.  It’s unrealistic to deport 12 million illegal immigrants who are currently living in the U.S.  The Department of Homeland Security is stuck with this challenge, and it appears employers need to be the target if true immigration reform is to take place.

Works cited:
cbsnews.com, CBS, wikipedia, quantcast

Source Notes #16 (Academic Research, Multiple Images)

In Uncategorized on February 21, 2009 at 11:30 pm

Title: Surge in Immigration Prosecutions Continues

Summary: This is a Transactional Records Action Clearinghouse (TRAC) report that talks about immigration crimes and since the turn of the century.  TRAC is part of a research branch at Syracuse University in New York.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Academic Research

What is it? A series of charts and graphs that contain immigration prosecution numbers.
Publication Information: 2008
Author: TRAC, Syracuse University
Location: http://trac.syr.edu/immigration/reports/188/
Accessed: 3/11/09

Support: Operation Streamline, Freedom of Information Act

TRAC received its information for this report through the Freedom of Information Act by the Department of Justice.  Operation Streamline was put into effect in 2005, which is a program that brings low-level criminal charges to virtually all illegal immigrants caught crossing into the United States border.

Audience and Agenda:
According to quantcast.com, trac.syr.edu receives 15,300 visits a month.  The traffic is mostly dominated by college and graduate students.  TRAC was established in 1989 and is known as a data gathering and research organization at Syracuse University. TRAC is supported financially by Syracuse University and also through private donations and research grants.

Usefulness:
This is an important research document because it provides charts and graphs with information about immigrant crime.  The #1 violation among the illegal immigrants in March of 2008 was re-entry of a deported alien.  There were 1,331 of these violations in March alone. This information suggests that border control and a vigorous deportation strategy will not keep immigrants from returning to the United States.  There needs to be a legalization path for the immigrants.  Many immigrants are looking for lower-skilled work; work that Americans don’t want.  Employers need the immigrants, and holding the employers accountable for hiring illegal immigrants  would put many American businesses in a tough spot.

Works cited:
TRAC, Google, Quantcast


Source Notes #15 (Institutional)

In Uncategorized on February 20, 2009 at 9:05 am

Title: Overview of Social Security Employer No-Match Letters Process

Summary: The Social security Administration is an independent organization of the U.S. government.  They primarily deal with administering social security, and they govern the taxes taken out of pay checks.  They send out no-match letters to employers to verify employee documents of identification. 

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Institutional

What is it? Informational web page
Location: http://www.socialsecurity.gov/legislation/nomatch2.htm
Accessed: 2/20,09

Support: IRS, Department of Treasury

The SSA processes wages as an agent of the IRS.  The SSA follows regulations provided by the Department of Treasury.

Audience and Agenda: According to quantcast.com, socialsecurity.gov receives roughly 3.4 million views a month.  They are funded by the U.S. government.  They are responsible for leading and managing America’s Social Security programs.

Usefulness:
This is an informational web page that describes the no-match letter process.  The Social Security Administration sends out letters to employers.  The W-2 wage reports on file need to match the employees name and Social Security number.  If the information doesn’t match, then there is a problem, and a no-match letter is sent out by the SSA.  The W-2 forms need to match in order for the IRS to be able to send appropriate tax returns.  The Department of Homeland Security needs to get involved with the SSA.  These no-match letters can be helpful in determining problems with incorrect I.D. information.  This could also help discover counterfeit identification used by illegal immigrants.  Using the no-match process may be more effective than programs like E-Verify. It would help get accurate information on record with the U.S. government.

Works cited:
wikipedia, google, SSA, Quantcast

Source Notes #14 (Institutional)

In Uncategorized on February 20, 2009 at 8:41 am

Title: IMAGE– ICE Mutual Agreement Between Government and Employers

Summary: The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is an agency of the Department of Homeland Security.  IMAGE is a voluntary program that began in 2007 that trains and advises employers on how to detect fraudulent identification documents in order to maintain a more secure and stable workforce.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Institutional

What is it? Informational web page
Author: ICE
Location: http://www.ice.gov/partners/opaimage/index.htm
Accessed: 2/19/09

Support: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), E-Verify, Social Security Administration (SSA)

IMAGE teams up with USCIS and E-Verify as part of the IMAGE foundation provided to employers.  The SSA sends “no-match letters” to employers to check accurate I.D. documents.

Audience and Agenda:
According to quantcast.com, ice.gov, receives 117,000 visits a month.  The ICE is a branch of the Department of Homeland Security and is funded by the U.S. government.  The ICE is responsible for upholding public safety and  protecting national security.

Usefulness:
This is a useful web page because it shows how the ICE is looking for employers to take some initiative in working toward hiring legal citizens of the U.S.  Many employers are presented with false identification documents from their potential employees.  The IMAGE program provides employer training on how to recognize fake or stolen documents in the hiring process.  IMAGE requires the use of E-Verify, which poses a problem because there is evidence that E-Verify is not a perfect system.  If the Department of H0meland Security can get employers to use IMAGE, then it makes their job easier in tracking down employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants for more financial gain.

Works cited:
quantcast, ICE, google.

Source Notes #13 (Academic Research)

In Uncategorized on February 18, 2009 at 6:07 am

Title: Next Steps for Immigration Reform and Workplace Enforcement

Summary: This is a research piece put out by the Heritage Foundation that makes suggestions on how to limit immigration by focusing on the internal sanctions of illegal immigrants.  The Heritage Foundation is the nations most widely supported public policy research institute.  It contains over 396,000 individual, foundation, and corporate donors, and has a staff of  244 people.  Its expense budget in 61 million.

Topic: Should employers be held accountable by the Department of Homeland Security for hiring illegal immigrants?

Category: Academic Research

What is it? research article
Publication Information: Feb. 13th, 2009
Author: Diem Nguyen, Matt A. Mayer and James Jay Carafano, Ph.D.
Location: http://www.heritage.org/Research/Immigration/bg2241.cfm#_ftnref25
Accessed: 2.19/09

Support: Solomon Moore, “Push on Immigration Crimes Is Said to Shift Focus,” The New York Times, January 11, 2009, at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/12/us/12prosecute.html, Human Rights Immigrant Community Action Network, “Over-Raided, Under Siege: U.S. Immigration Laws and Enforcement Destroy the Rights of Immigrants,” National Organization for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, January 2008, at http://www.nnirr.org/resources/docs/UnderSiege_web2.pdf, Press release, “New ICE Program Gives Non-Criminal Fugitive Aliens Opportunity to Avoid Arrest and Detention,” U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, July 31, 2008, at http://www.ice, Alison Siskon, Andorra Bruno, Blas Nunez-Neto, Lisa M. Seghetti, and Ruth Ellen Wasem, “Immigration Enforcement Within the United States,” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, April 6, 2006, p. 14, at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33351.pdf .gov/pi/nr/0807/080731washington.htm

Solomon Moore in his New York Times article describes how illegal immigration cases are flooding and overloading the court system.  There are sometimes 200 cases involving immigration in a single day.  In an ICE press release, it describes a program that offers non-criminal illegal immigrants the opportunity to leave the country without penalty.  This would help with the overloaded courts.  These sources agree that the U.S. need to enforce immigration law, but also must improve the detention and removal strategy.  It’s impossible enforce immigration law, if  the removal process takes too much time.

Audience and Agenda:
According to quantcast.com, the Heritage Foundation website gets about 723,000 views a month.  The Heritage Foundation describe themselves as “committed to building an America where freedom, opportunity, prosperity and civil society flourish.”(link).  The Heritage Foundation’s mission is “to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense.” (link)

Usefulness:
This is a useful piece of academic research because it addresses the problem of strictly enforcing immigration law because our court system doesn’t have the necessary resources to handle the overload of immigration cases.  If the Department of Homeland Security were to crack down on employers hiring illegal immigrants, it seems that the government also would need to provide more funding for the judicial system.  The immigrant detention centers would also need to work on an improved process to reduce build up because there is only so much space for the immigrants.

Works cited:
Heritage Foundation, google, quantcast, New York Times.